What Are The Methods and Techniques Used in Football Analysis?

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In modern Football matches, two aspects are considered very important to determine the outcome of the game. These facets are- in-depth analysis of the game including players and every minute detail of both the team and individual performance. 

Moreover, Football analysis is also important for the coach as well to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the opponent that could be further used to have favorable results. 

In this article, we will be discussing the methods, techniques and some related aspects that are used to determine the performance of the player and analysis of Football matches. 

So, let’s begin this journey!! 

What is Match Analysis? 

Match analysis is the process of examining the actions of the players performed in the matches. The examination could include the analysis of one’s team or the opponent, or even a solo athlete. In this procedure, the data is collected and specified by the norms of analysis of the various events that take place in the varied phases of the match. 

If the analysis is done to determine the performance of our team then we can verify that the aim is to assess the quality of the game by the structure and the working of the system prearranged during the week. In the examination process, game situations, the precise execution of the game norms and sub-principles are analysed. At the same time, the performance of individual players is also evaluated. 

This article will be specifically focused on the analysis of the upcoming competitor. 

This type of evaluation is merely practised in high-level atmospheres where the goal of the analysis is to deliver the coach with specific knowledge on the traits and patterns of the opponent team they will more likely to face in the upcoming turn or round. 

How Match Analysis or Football Analysis is Done? 

The methods or techniques of analysis includes the evaluation of strengths and weaknesses of the opposite team that is taken into consideration before making a winning strategy. 

The individual and collective estimation of the oppositions is the collection of information that the opponent process itself, concurrently with an analysis of the effect that might be possessed by our team. It is a collection and processing of data, stats and information about the process peculiarities and methods associated with swot analysis that comprises the evaluation of vitalities and deformities of the team under the testing points. 

The analysis of the opponent team is done in three different steps- 

  • Observation- Observe the match several times via recording or through DVDs to gather complete information about an individual player or the collective behaviour of all the players. 
  • Making a report- The collected information or data is refined into a paper format and a DVD clip with a complete description of the analysed circumstances. 
  • Application of the report- Now, use this information and make modifications to your current strategy as well as plan the possible countermeasures to defeat your opponent. 


The data processing method consists of two kinds of analysis: 

  • Quantitative analysis

That analyze the statistics or numerical data that do not explain the reason behind occurring, disappearing or repeating a situation. 


  • Qualitative analysis

In-depth technical and tactical analysis of the complete phases of the match. 


Example of Qualitative Analysis 


The analysis consists of specific schemes that are:

  • System of play

Evaluation of the system of play. 


  • A common behaviour of the team

The behaviour is further classified as- 

  1. Psychological behaviour- team spirit, discontinuity, competitiveness, temporal conditions and attention or concentration. 
  2. Physical behaviour- friction and intensity of a player or team. 
  3. Situation/technical level- right execution of crucial technical activities by the team. 
  4. Situation/tactical level- right execution of crucial individual and collective technical actions. 
  • Possession phase

Further classified into- 

  1. Normal Considerations- combined participation of the players into the phases of play, ball speed, eagerness to play the match or to take a pause. Layoff passes and assistance, movements without the ball, numerical superiority level, use of possession or verticalization for alignment. 
  2. Phases of low possession- initial speed of the game, the action of the goalkeeper(with hands or feet, long or short), circumstances and traits of the ball, circulation of defenders, the occurrence of a playmaker or reference player, the behaviour of wingers and the midfielders. 
  3. Phases of mid possession- purposes of Diamond formation, changes in the game, the trajectory of the ball followed by midfielders, positions of the players inserting in the middle or side-lines. 
  4. Phases of high possession- it includes finishing and conclusion of the match for instance, who completes the activity? Which is the modified playing plots? Which striker strikes in the depth? Which striker gets encountering? Who performs layoff passes? How they attack goals on the crosses? Which player is skilled at 1 versus 1? 


  • Non-Possession phase

The classification is similar to the possession phase. 

  1. General Considerations- includes the participation of the players in the different phases of the game, which player performs what phase? Restrictions of players, defensive line level, usage of offside tactics by the opponent, aggressive attitude of players, initialization of the game pressure, trial for the recovery of the ball, attitude towards the second ball, suffering restarting. 
  2. Phases of low non-possession- speed of the players either they are slow or fast, do they provide space or attack forward? Method of taking a position and defending the goal, attacking the ball vertically or running away, levels of marking, the game of the players at aerial play, the behaviour of players with the central ball or sideways ball, attacks of the players with keeping possessions back to the door. 
  3. Phases of medium non-possession- the shifting of the players to the external zone, where the players want to evacuate opponents pass to attack them? The movement to the external zone by one or two players, regularity and quantity of doubling, working on the trajectories for the interception, behaviour with the central ball or sideways ball. 
  4. Phases of high non-possession- participation of strikers actively in the phases, type of attack to the ball circulation, pressing the opponent’s playmaker. 


Hope this article has given you some insights into match analysis and footballanalysis

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